Auschwitz Concentration Camp Research Paper

Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article.Heinrich Himmler, chief of the SS, the Nazi paramilitary corps, ordered the establishment of the first camp, the prison camp, on April 27, 1940, and the first transport of Polish political prisoners arrived on June 14.This small camp, Auschwitz I, was reserved throughout its history for political prisoners, mainly Poles and Germans.There are kilometers of roads, drainage ditches, railroad tracks including a spur and unloading platform, two original sewage-treatment plants, and fire-prevention reservoirs on grounds covering almost 200 hectares.The low-growing vegetation and the historical and postwar trees (including about 20 hectares of woods) also require ongoing conservation.In October 1941, work began on Auschwitz II, or Birkenau, located outside the nearby village of Brzezinka.There the SS later developed a huge concentration camp and extermination complex that included some 300 prison barracks; four large so-called (“cremating ovens”).During most of the period from 1940 to 1945, the commandant of the central Auschwitz camps was SS-Hauptsturmführer (Capt.) and ultimately SS-Obersturmbannführer (Lieut. Thousands of prisoners were also selected by the camp doctor, Josef Mengele, for medical experiments.Auschwitz doctors tested methods of sterilization on the prisoners, using massive doses of radiation, uterine injections, and other barbaric procedures.Experiments involving the killing of twins, upon whom autopsies were performed, were meant to provide information that would supposedly lead to the rapid expansion of the “Aryan race.”Subject to harsh conditions—including inadequate shelter and sanitation—given minimal food, and worked to exhaustion, those who could no longer work faced transport back to Birkenau for gassing.German corporations invested heavily in the slave-labour industries adjacent to Auschwitz.

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