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The Methods section should provide the readers with sufficient detail about the study methods to be able to reproduce the study if so desired.
While it is neither necessary nor desirable to provide a full-blown review of the literature as a prelude to the study, it is helpful to situate the study within some larger field of enquiry.
The research question should always be spelled out, and not merely left for the reader to guess.
While it may safely be assumed that the human genome is the same worldwide, whether the results of a local quality improvement project have wider relevance requires careful consideration and argument.
Once the research question is clearly defined, writing the paper becomes considerably easier. The key to successful scientific writing is getting the structure of the paper right.
The research question—or study objective or main research hypothesis—is the central organizing principle of the paper.
Whatever relates to the research question belongs in the paper; the rest doesn’t.
This is perhaps obvious when the paper reports on a well planned research project.
However, in applied domains such as quality improvement, some papers are written based on projects that were undertaken for operational reasons, and not with the primary aim of producing new knowledge.
Also, references to unpublished work, to documents in the grey literature (technical reports), or to any source that the reader will have difficulty finding or understanding should be avoided.
Having the structure of the paper in place is a good start.