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Together with his brother John, who has also thrown his son out of home, they try to find Absalom, but in vain.Later they learn that Absalom in the company of Mathew, the son of John, and another person killed a white man named Arthur Jarvis during a robbery attempt (Paton 22).
The white people, on the other hand, ensured that the blacks would not enjoy the natural resources found in their lands, such as gold.
The problem of racial inequality was quite important in the described community because it defined its course of development and social life (Paton 29).
By contrast, Dubula stands for hope, cooperation, and a pragmatic approach to social change.
Whereas Kumalo can only stew over the poor housing opportunities afforded to black citizens, Dubula initiates a Shanty Town, in which formerly crowded tenants can spread out and await the chimney pipes and iron that Dubula courageously provides.
During the time when the book was written, South Africa was struggling with the issues of the Apartheid rule by the whites.
The white people of the country feared the consequences of the local black people taking influential positions (Paton 21).They are often described respectively as the “heart” and “voice” of the movement for racial equality, nicknames that suggest they are part of one crusading body.The narrator notes that both men have rejected the Christian Church, which pays its white officials higher salaries than its black officials and offers only lip service to the idea that blacks deserve equal status.By moving past the superficial similarities between Kumalo and Dubula, Paton implies that a spirit of pragmatism and productivity is far more effective than stirring up rage and making speeches.At first, Dubula and Kumalo seem to be one and the same in their desire for racial equality, reinforcing the notion that civil rights movements tend to involve large, unified fronts.This shared action shows that both men have a common interest in weakening institutions that reinforce the notion of black inferiority.Both men make concerted efforts to promote black citizens’ economic interests: Kumalo with his calls for an end to the Church’s oppressiveness and Dubula with his demands for a bus boycott.The author also describes how James Jarvis’s attitude towards black people transformed after reading the writings of his son, and he no longer felt hate towards those who had killed him.The theme of racial inequity is quite strong in the story.In Alan Paton’s Cry, the Beloved Country, John Kumalo and Dubula are united in their opposition to South Africa’s racial injustices.But while Kumalo enumerates grievances without suggesting realistic solutions, Dubula represents positive, pragmatic change—not to mention the possibility of cooperation between whites and blacks.