The intensity of tremor is at the maximum near this epicentre.
Developed by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) along with countries who use nuclear energy, the scale defines level 7 as a nuclear accident that involves “widespread health and environmental effects” and the “external release of a significant fraction of the reactor core inventory.” Almost two months later, the IAEA called the status of the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant “very serious.” At a news conference on March 13, Prime Minister Naoto Kan, who later gave the disaster the name “Great East Japan Earthquake”, emphasized the gravity of the situation: “I think that the earthquake, tsunami, and the situation at our nuclear reactors makes up the worst crisis in the 65 years since the war.
If the nation works together, we will overcome.” The government called in 100,000 troops to aid in the relief effort. The tsunami in Japan recalled the 2004 disaster in the Indian Ocean. 26, a 9.0 magnitude earthquake—the largest earthquake in 40 years—ruptured in the Indian Ocean, off the northwest coast of the Indonesian island of Sumatra.
Damage & effects Read more: Tsunami Factfile: Learn about the tsunami that struck Japan in March 2011 — The degree and extent of damage caused by the earthquake and resulting tsunami were enormous, with most of the damage being caused by the tsunami.
Video footage of the towns that were worst affected shows little more than piles of rubble, with almost no parts of any structures left standing. Estimates of the cost of the damage range well into the tens of billions of US dollars; before-and-aftersatellite photographs of devastated regions show immense damage to many regions. Although Japan has invested the equivalent of billions of dollars on anti-tsunami seawalls which line at least 40% of its 34,751 km (21,593 mi) coastline and stand up to 12 m (39 ft) high, the tsunami simply washed over the top of some seawalls, collapsing some in the process. A fire which broke out in Tokyoafter the earthquake Japan’s National Police Agency said on 3 April 2011, that 45,700 buildings were destroyed and 144,300 were damaged by the quake and tsunami.
Japan was hit by a 9.0 magnitude earthquake on March 11, 2011, that triggered a deadly 23-foot tsunami in the country’s north.
The giant waves deluged cities and rural areas alike, sweeping away cars, homes, buildings, a train, and boats, leaving a path of death and devastation in its wake.Victims aged 60 or older accounted for 65.2% of the deaths, with 24% of total victims being in their 70s. As of March 2012, Japanese police data showed that 70% of the 3,279 still missing were aged 60 or over, including 893 in their 70s and 577 in their 80s.Of the total confirmed victims, 14,308 drowned, 667 were crushed to death or died from internal injuries, and 145 perished from burns. Tsunami damage between Sendai and Sendai Bay.These vibrations can be compared with the series of concentric waves of water generated by a stone when thrown into a still pond.They move faster through solid and speeds slow down when they pass through liquid.(b) Secondary waves (S): These are like light waves where particles move perpendicular to the wave.Tectonic Movement: The material of the interior of the earth gradually contract due to loss of heat by radiation.As a result of this, some tectonic forces (tensional and compressional forces) are produced which shake the surface.Video footage showed cars racing away from surging waves.The earthquake—the largest in Japan’s history—struck about 230 miles northeast of Tokyo.Save the Children reports that as many as 100,000 children were uprooted from their homes, some of whom were separated from their families because the earthquake occurred during the school day.236 children were orphaned in the prefectures of Iwate, Miyagi and Fukushima by the disaster;1,580 children lost either one or both parents, 846 in Miyagi, 572 in Iwate, and 162 in Fukushima. The quake and tsunami killed 378 elementary, middle-school, and high school students and left 158 others missing. One elementary school in Ishinomaki, Miyagi, Okawa Elementary, lost 74 of 108 students and 10 of 13 teachers and staff. The Japanese Foreign Ministry has confirmed the deaths of nineteen foreigners. Among them are two English teachers from the United States affiliated with the Japan Exchange and Teaching Program; a Canadian missionary in Shiogama; and citizens of China, North and South Korea, Taiwan, Pakistan and the Philippines.By UTC on 11 March, Google Person Finder, which was previously used in the Haitian, Chilean, and Christchurch, New Zealandearthquakes, was collecting information about survivors and their locations. The Next of Kin Registry (NOKR) is assisting the Japanese government in locating next of kin for those missing or deceased. Japanese funerals are normally elaborate Buddhist ceremonies which entail cremation.