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Previous literature researched in the chosen field may be consulted by the researcher to help define concepts. The second stage of the process is the collection of data, in this part of the process several decisions will have to be made before data is collected.The design of the study, methods used within it and sometimes piloting need to be decided upon.
This hierarchy is more suited to quantitative research and is deemed inappropriate if outcomes are not measurable (Gerrish 2006).
There are many organisations that provide information on research and guidance to how it should be implemented into clinical practice.
In nursing research the aim of this research is to provide clients, their carers and their families with the best possible care in all aspects of their treatment to promote wellbeing (Burns and Grove 2001).
“The conscientious, explicit and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions about the care of individual patients.
The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) offer clinicians guidelines and criteria to follow with the aim of developing nursing care to the benefit of the clients health (NICE).
The Cochrane Collaboration supply research material which is available to everyone.It is important to address which research findings nurses should consult to inform their clinical practice in order for them to deliver adequate care to their patients.There are many different types of evidence available to practitioners; Gray Muir (1997) as cited in Gerrish (2006) outlines a hierarchy of evidence and indicates which types are more superior.It is vital that nursing staff be knowledgeable of the latest findings in nursing research and are able to access and opt for the most suitable evidence to inform and implement into their practice.(Gerrish 2006) suggest that evidence based practice consists of research, patient experience and clinical expertise.After analysis the researcher would typically translate findings, examine the limitations and make suggestion as to how to implement into practice.Recommendations may be made for additional research needed.The final stage in research process is the dissemination of findings.An organisation that might be responsible for this area would be NICE, the barriers to the implementation of evidence are outlined above.It has been identified that barriers concerning the nurses skill include troubles identifying or appraising evidence and also lack of confidence of the individual in using resources to access the research.Organisational barriers seem to indicate that lack of support from senior staff in providing information and time to implement changes are the main cause for concern.