The Crick Crack Club in London arranges a yearly "Grand Lying Contest" with the winner being awarded the coveted "Hodja Cup" (named for the Mulla Nasreddin: "The truth is something I have never spoken."). In the United States, the Burlington Liars' Club awards an annual title to the "World Champion Liar." Lie-to-children is a phrase that describes a simplified explanation of technical or complex subjects as a teaching method for children and laypeople.
While lies-to-children are useful in teaching complex subjects to people who are new to the concepts discussed, they can promote the creation of misconceptions among the people who listen to them.
For instance, a gambler who deceives other players into thinking they have different cards to those they really hold, or an athlete who hints they will move left and then dodges right is not considered to be lying (also known as a feint or juke).
In these situations, deception is acceptable and is commonly expected as a tactic.
Depending on the context, fraud may subject the liar to civil or criminal penalties.
A half-truth is a deceptive statement that includes some element of truth.Jocose lies are lies meant in jest, intended to be understood as such by all present parties. A more elaborate instance is seen in some storytelling traditions, where the storyteller's insistence that the story is the absolute truth, despite all evidence to the contrary (i.e., tall tale), is considered humorous.There is debate about whether these are "real" lies, and different philosophers hold different views.An exaggeration occurs when the most fundamental aspects of a statement are true, but only to a certain degree.It is also seen as "stretching the truth" or making something appear more powerful, meaningful, or real than it actually is.This can be convincingly done in any natural language.A barefaced (or bald-faced) lie is one that is obviously a lie to those hearing it.As a corollary it has also been posited that another linguistic universal is that there is no sentence or story that cannot be interpreted as a lie.The proof is to preface the sentence or story with the phrase "it is a lie that" and follow that with a made up but verifiable explanation of why that sentence or story is a lie.There is generally no intent to misinform and the individual is unaware that their information is false.Because of this, it is not technically a lie at all since, by definition, there must be an intent to deceive for the statement to be considered a lie.