Though it is a topic of little recent interest, the relationship has been noted in several ancient texts and seems to have been well understood by the Romans.
Critics of Ratsmith have cited poor science and questionable methodology when dismissing his results, going so far as to call pumpkinology "rubbish" (de Vil, 2009), "stupid" (Claw, 2010), and "quite possibly made up" (Igthorn, 2009).
This handout will explain the functions of introductions, offer strategies for creating effective introductions, and provide some examples of less effective introductions to avoid.
Introductions and conclusions can be the most difficult parts of papers to write.
Opening with a compelling story, an interesting question, or a vivid example can get your readers to see why your topic matters and serve as an invitation for them to join you for an engaging intellectual conversation (remember, though, that these strategies may not be suitable for all papers and disciplines).
Start by thinking about the question (or questions) you are trying to answer.Usually when you sit down to respond to an assignment, you have at least some sense of what you want to say in the body of your paper.You might have chosen a few examples you want to use or have an idea that will help you answer the main question of your assignment; these sections, therefore, may not be as hard to write. But in your final draft, these middle parts of the paper can’t just come out of thin air; they need to be introduced and concluded in a way that makes sense to your reader.Now that we've gone over the finer points of how to write an introduction, let's take a look at a sample to see how it all comes together.The beginning of an essay sets the tone for the reader and is also used to get the reader interested in your work.You never get a second chance to make a first impression.The opening paragraph of your paper will provide your readers with their initial impressions of your argument, your writing style, and the overall quality of your work.(See our handout on conclusions.) Note that what constitutes a good introduction may vary widely based on the kind of paper you are writing and the academic discipline in which you are writing it.If you are uncertain what kind of introduction is expected, ask your instructor. Ratsmith has been studying this connection, something he coined "pumpkinology," since the early 1990s.He is most well-known for documenting the three years he spent living in the wild among the pumpkins and rats.