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Numbers assigned to the end references are used for the in-text references regardless of the sequence in which they appear in the text of the work. 1988;8(4 Suppl):31S–37S Volume with supplement but no issue Heemskerk J, Tobin AJ, Ravina B. Multiple issue numbers Ramstrom O, Bunyapaiboonsri T, Lohmann S, Lehn JM.
The same number is used for subsequent in-text references to the same document.
In citation–name, the end references are listed alphabetically by author.
Location (usually the page range for the article) is preceded by a colon.
For the end reference, list authors in the order in which they appear in the original text. Use periods to separate each element, including author(s), date of publication, article and journal title, and volume or issue information. (Author(s) Year) For articles with 2 authors, names are separated by a comma in the end reference but by “and” in the in-text reference.
For more details and many more examples, see Chapter 29 of Scientific Style and Format. For the in-text reference, use parentheses and list author(s) by surname followed by year of publication. Effects of aerosolized albuterol on physiologic responses to exercise in standardbreds.
Grammar Girl: Quick and Dirty Tips for Better Writing. Each example of an end reference is accompanied here by an example of a corresponding in-text reference. See Appendix 29.1 in Scientific Style and Format for more information. (Mazan and Hoffman 2001) For articles with 3 to 10 authors, list all authors in the end reference; in the in-text reference, list only the first, followed by “et al.” Smart N, Fang ZY, Marwick TH. A practical guide to exercise training for heart failure patients. List authors in the order in which they appear in the original text, followed by a period. Journal titles are generally abbreviated according to the List of Title Word Abbreviations maintained by the ISSN International Centre. Periods also follow article and journal title and volume or issue information. See Appendix 29.1 in Scientific Style and Format for more information. For articles with more than 10 authors, list the first 10 followed by “et al.” Pizzi C, Caraglia M, Cianciulli M, Fabbrocini A, Libroia A, Matano E, Contegiacomo A, Del Prete S, Abbruzzese A, Martignetti A, et al. Volume with no issue or other subdivision Laskowski DA. Multiple works by the same author are listed alphabetically by title. The references are numbered in that sequence, such that a work authored by Adam is number 1, Brown is number 2, and so on. Rosemont (IL): American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons; c2002. References to websites and other online formats follow the same general principles as for printed references, with the addition of a date of update/revision (if available) along with an access date and a URL. Surgical techniques in orthopaedics: anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction [DVD]. Place of publication: publisher; date of publication [date updated; date accessed]. If no date of publication can be determined, use a copyright date (if available), preceded by “c”. Place of publication: publisher; date of publication [date updated; date accessed]. Washington (DC): ASM Press; 2002 [accessed February 28, 2014]. Chapter or other part of a book, different authors Rapley R. Principles and techniques of biochemistry and molecular biology.