Organizing Thoughts For Essays

The appropriate use of introductory words and phrases can also help to clarify conceptual connections within a paragraph.Readers appreciate when the authors make these conceptual connections clear rather than relying on the reader to make these connections on their own.However, it is important to note that the concluding statement should not simply repeat the topic sentence; care should be taken to minimize redundancy between the two.

Constructing effective paragraphs can be challenging due to the effort involved in planning the overall structure of each unit.This element should consist of detailed information that is directly relevant to and further develops the main point presented in the topic sentence.It is standard to have anywhere from two to five concise supporting sentences, which is generally sufficient to develop the main point and keep the paragraph focused.If a paragraph is written well, its main message can be understood without the need for preceding or following material.Paragraphs that are well designed can help a writer construct an argument in stages and can be thought of as “signposts” to guide a reader through the argument.Because of their genetic similarity to humans, mice have been used to pioneer genetic manipulation technologies, such as gene overexpression and gene knockout and knockdown models at the whole-organism level or in specific tissues.These technological breakthroughs in genetics research have fueled several decades of rapid discovery and knowledge expansion in many biomedical fields.Unlike their human counterparts, mice can be studied in a carefully controlled environment.It is also relatively easy for researchers to manipulate diet composition, food availability, exercise, and other environmental factors that can contribute to differences in physiological outcomes in mice.In our example, the information provided in the supporting sentences (sentences 2-6) explains to the reader why mice are good model organisms for studying biological processes and medical conditions.The supporting evidence includes information about why mice are easy to raise, how easy it is to control their living environments, and the genetic advantages to using mice as model organisms for translational studies of human disease processes.


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