OR The comic strip has been used to examine evidence of sex role stereotyping (Brabant & Mooney, 1986).
No author: Cite the first few words of the reference entry (usually the title) and the year. Note: Titles of periodicals, books, brochures, or reports should be in italics and use normal title capitalization rules.
Their motives are laudable; they want to share these insights with readers.
Or their motives are monetary; they think a book of quotes will be easy to put together and quick to sell. Using a short quote in a social media posting is one thing, but putting together a book or website that relies almost entirely on work created by others raises a wasp’s nest of legal issues.
One author: Where the Wild Things Are (Sendak, 1963) is a depiction of a child coping with his anger towards his mom.
Two authors (cite both names every time): Brabant and Mooney (1986) have used the comic strip to examine evidence of sex role stereotyping.Use double quotation marks around the title of an article or chapter, and italicize the title of a periodical, book, brochure, or report. If you are citing multiple sources by multiple authors in-text, you can list all of them by the author's last name and year of publication within the same set of parentheses, separated by semicolons.Every once in a while, I get an email from someone asking about the legalities of publishing a book of quotations they find inspirational, educational, or just plain funny.Question marks and exclamation points must be placed inside the quotation marks.Example: "Did two people go to the grave to place flowers at the headstone? Use single quotation marks for a quote inside a quote.It can be done, but not without doing some homework. Simply giving credit to the original creators of the quotes is not going to be enough to protect you from copyright infringement claims.For every single quotation, you need to determine its copyright status and whether you should get permission.Using quotes is a great way for readers to “hear” the expert voices talking about your writing topic. Here are some examples of how to introduce a source: After introducing the quote, be sure that you use a signal verb to indicate that the source’s words are next.When quoting, focus on (a) introducing the quote, (b) explaining its relevance, and (c) citing the sources—both in your writing and in formal citations. Introduce the source by giving your reader any information that would be useful to know: Who said it? In the third example above, you can see that "states" has been used to signal the source’s words.By the way, hymns and prayers may be protected by copyright just like any other writing. Writers can and should take risks, even legal risks. Take risks that improve your work or your reach and avoid those that are careless or worthless.So don’t assume a hymn or prayer is in the public domain if it was written in the last hundred years. The safest route is to get permission from the owners of all quotes that may still be subject to copyright protection. Now, I predict that this post will generate emails from people accusing me of trying to scare writers with legal mumbo-jumbo. As I often say, stay out of court and at your desk.