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Every time you begin a new subject, think of an inverted pyramid - The broadest range of information sits at the top, and as the paragraph or paper progresses, the author becomes more and more focused on the argument ending with specific, detailed evidence supporting a claim.Lastly, the author explains how and why the information she has just provided connects to and supports her thesis (a brief wrap-up or warrant).The first part of the enthymeme (If you have a plasma TV) is the stated premise.
Induction is the type of reasoning that moves from specific facts to a general conclusion.
When you use induction in your paper, you will state your thesis (which is actually the conclusion you have come to after looking at all the facts) and then support your thesis with the facts. The pistol left in the bedroom contains Jones’s fingerprints.
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A paragraph structured this way would contain the following: Because the developed world has historically been responsible for the majority of greenhouse gas emissions, it has been argued that they should reduce emissions and allow developed nations to prioritise development over environmental concerns (Vinuales, 2011).
The first section of the Declaration contains a series of syllogisms, while the middle section is an inductive list of examples.
The final section brings the first and second sections together in a compelling conclusion.Therefore, the unstated premise is “Only rich people have plasma TVs.” The enthymeme above leads us to an invalid conclusion (people who own plasma TVs are not poor) because there are plenty of people who own plasma TVs who are poor.Let’s look at this enthymeme in a syllogistic structure: To help you understand how induction and deduction can work together to form a solid argument, you may want to look at the United States Declaration of Independence.The example using Socrates isn’t so difficult to validate.But when you move into more murky water (when you use terms such as ), the connections get tenuous.The body of the essay is where you fully develop your argument.Each body paragraph should contain one key idea or claim, which is supported by relevant examples and evidence from the body of scholarly work on your topic (i.e. Together, the body paragraphs form the building blocks of your argument.Authors often use enthymemes to persuade audiences.The following is an example of an enthymeme: If you have a plasma TV, you are not poor.This pattern is called syllogistic reasoning (the syllogism).Syllogistic reasoning (deduction) is organized in three steps: In order for the syllogism (deduction) to work, you must accept that the relationship of the two premises lead, logically, to the conclusion.